Los Angeles City History

The Entertainment Capital of the World – How Los Angeles Got on the Map

Los Angeles, which is Spanish for The Angels, is the 2nd most populous city in the U.S. and it has the 14th largest urban area in the world. As of 2010, there is an estimated 3.83 million people living inside of the Administration District and an estimated 14.8 million that reside beyond the Administration limits within the City of Los Angeles.

Los Angeles was founded in 1781 when a Felipe de Neve, named the city “The Village of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels of the river of Porziuncola.” It was such a long name that the city became known as Los Angeles. Mexico won its independence from Spain in early 1821 and California became a part of Mexico in that same year. California became highly populated beginning in 1848 when gold was found in Coloma, California. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, as per the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, California was purchased by the US. Los Angeles then became a municipality in April of 1850, and later that year California became a State. Railroads arrived in Los Angeles with the South Pacific Rail in 1876. In 1906, the San Francisco earthquake, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake, incurred over 3,000 deaths.

In the 1920’s, the motion picture and aviation industries flocked to Los Angeles. In 1923, the famous Hollywood sign was erected. Initially it read HOLLYWOODLAND but in 1949, the Chamber of Commerce began restoring the sign and decided to tear down the last four letters. In 1932 and in 1984, the City of Los Angeles hosted the Summer Olympics. In 1969, Los Angeles became the birthplace of the Internet. Then, in 1994, one of the top 15 most powerful earthquakes in California history, magnitude 6.7, rocked Northridge causing $12.5 billion damage and 72 deaths.

Table of Contents

1. City History
2. Living in City
3. Job Opportunities
4. Restaurants & Food
5. Arts & Entertainment
6. Sightseeing
7. Nightlife
8. Shopping & Fashion
9. Health & Beauty
10. Hotel & Hospitality
11. Education
12. Transportation
13. Government Services